See, smell and touch the extraordinary diversity of plant and animal life that lives year-round within these predominantly oak forests and wooded wetlands, a part of the larger Manchester-Essex Woods.
The diversity of mixed hardwood trees and groves in this woodland may well have been encouraged by the silviculture practices of Indigenous people who lived here long ago. They managed forests to promote the growth and health of trees they depended on—nut trees such as hickory and beech, birches for baskets and canoes, oaks for wigwam walls and dugouts, maples and pines for resins and woodcarvings, and hemlocks for medicine. They made clearings for berry-bearing bushes, such as blueberry, and maintained vernal ponds.
Understory plants and fungi also had important uses. Indigenous people used pipsissewa flowers and pink lady slipper roots to make medicinal teas. Pipsissewa (Chimafilla umbellata), for example, is an antiseptic diuretic, used in the treatment of bladder and urinary tract infections. Pipsissewa is a Eastern Abenaki word and translates literally as “flower of the forest.”
Flora & Fauna
White, red, scarlet and black oaks are interspersed with black birch, red maple, beech, hemlock, white pine, and shagbark and pignut hickories.
Catbriar and low-bush blueberries provide food for many species and make it an excellent location to observe wildlife. Deadwood hemlocks provide shelter for cavity-nesting animals like flying squirrels and Saw-whet Owls. Opossum, red fox, skunk, otter, deer and other mammals make their home in these woods. Several natural ecosystems thrive here, contributing to a varied bird population.
A shrub swamp holds several vernal pools that provide breeding areas for amphibians, including spotted salamanders, spring peepers and wood frogs. Spotted turtles can also be found here in spring, sunning on sedge or feeding on egg masses in the pond.
Greenbelt is grateful to several professional and staff photographers whose work is featured prominently within our website.
Thank you Jerry Monkman / ecophotography.com, Lynne Holton, Kindra Clineff, Adrian Scholes and John Raleigh.